This dilemma has specific characteristics in different farm systems. UNISECO tackles the challenges of producing public and private goods using agro-ecological approaches which are central to achieving the environmental, climate, social and economic objectives of the F2F Strategy.
Empirical evidence of driving factors, processes, outcomes and impacts of agro-ecological transitions at farm and territorial levels is being studied with Multi-Actor Platforms in 15 European countries fostering collaborative learning processes and cooperation of key actors in the governance of agro-ecological transitions. Fully aligned with the F2F Strategy the H2020 UNISECO consortium develops strategies for agro-ecological transitions with the MAPs that aim to improve the sus-tainability of farming systems providing healthy food, a reduced reliance on subsidies, and pursuing climate change adaptation and resilience. Improving the understanding of the potential of agro-ecological approaches to strengthen the sustainability of farming systems these are some of the UNISECO research questions that are of relevance for F2F:
- Which barriers and drivers throughout the food system hinder or promote agro-ecological transitions?
- How can these barriers and drivers be successfully addressed?
- Which agro-ecological practices are available for different farming systems and contexts?
- What are the sustainability impacts of agro-ecological transitions at farm and territorial levels?
- Which trade-offs and synergies between environmental, economic and social impacts occur?
- Which novel market mechanisms and policy instruments effectively support public good provision through economically viable agro-ecological farming systems?
- How can future environmental, agricultural and food policies support agro-ecological transitions?
The answers to these questions will be discussed at the final project conference on the 18th and 19th of March 2021.